Equity: U.S. Health Care

BTEC Top Performer Intra-day
Price $26.43
Today’s Change 0.00%(0.00)
4:00pm 04/19/2017
HCRF Bottom Performer Intra-day
Price 0.00
Today’s Change 0.00%(0.00)
  • Overview
  • Efficiency
  • Tradability
  • Fit

ETF.com Insight

Since the Supreme Court confirmation of the Affordable Care Act, many investors have been looking to the healthcare sector. It serves as a demographics-driven defensive play with babyXLV, VHT and IYH are three established funds that dominate the segment in assets boomers aging in our “pill-popping” nation and multinational mega-caps that stand to benefit from growth overseas. ETFs in the segment hold a broad array of US pharmaceutical, biotech and health care companies. Of the eight ETFs currently available, XLV, VHT and IYH are the three established, plain-vanilla funds that dominate the segment in total assets.
XLV, VHT and IYH are all cap-weighted and hold mostly the same 10 companies in their top holdings. You can also add newcomer FHLC to that list, as it tracks the same MSCI index as VHT and has attracted a significant asset base since launching in 2013. The concentrated nature of the market means all four funds are also very top heavy in the big pharma names that dominate the industry like Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer and Merck. XLV is the granddaddy here; trading since December 1998, it has amassed over $10B in total assets. It's also third cheapest in the segment.
VHT and FHLC have the widest scope, holding 300+ companies each, stretching across multiple health care subsectors. They are also the two cheapest choices. Meanwhile, IYH provides the most market-like exposure, albeit at a high cost that hasn't come down even as other funds have jockeyed for the position of low-cost leader.
Alternatives include FXH, a popular alpha-seeker that tracks a quant-driven index with a portfolio that skips the big pharma names in its top holdings, similar to PTH. RYH is an equal-weighted version of XLV, while PSCH specifically targets small-cap companies in the sector. (Insight updated 04/21/17)

All Funds (12)

IYH $1.82 B 1817048200 Broad-based

A 97
E
92
92
T
99
99
F
97
97

VHT $6.02 B 6019308335.16 Broad, cheap coverage

A 97
E
98
98
T
99
99
F
97
97

FHLC $687.14 M 687144120 Broad coverage with lowest fee

A 96
E
100
100
T
98
98
F
96
96

XLV $15.66 B 15655021035.706 Dominates in AUM and liquidity

A 95
E
98
98
T
99
99
F
95
95

RYH $555.33 M 555327500 Equal-weight

A 78
E
93
93
T
94
94
F
78
78

FXH $954.53 M 954532023.564 Alpha-seeking

A 61
E
90
90
T
98
98
F
61
61

PSCH $193.19 M 193194750 Small-cap focus

B 41
E
94
94
T
69
69
F
41
41

PTH $60.47 M 60472750 high holding costs

B 29
E
89
89
T
66
66
F
29
29

BTEC $6.55 M 6549251.1969 N/A

C 24
E
79
79
T
65
65
F
24
24

XH $1.64 M 1642832.856 N/A

N/A 0
E
0
-1
T
0
-1
F
0
-1

JHMH $31.99 M 31985525 broad-based health care

N/A 0
E
0
-1
T
0
-1
F
0
-1

HCRF $2.72 M 2718670 N/A

N/A 0
E
0
-1
T
0
-1
F
0
-1

ETF.com Grade as 04/12/17

Equity: U.S. Health Care

Performance Dispersion
Performance  [as of 04/20/17] 1 Month 3 Month YTD 1 Year 3 Years 5 Years 10 Years
Benchmark: Thomson Reuters US Healthcare-1.15%7.15%8.85%7.91%11.57%17.52%--
A 96.828573IYH1817048200IYHiShares U.S. Healthcare ETF-1.10%6.64%8.18%6.55%10.80%16.65%9.73%
A 96.504571VHT6019308335.16VHTVanguard Health Care Index Fund-1.16%6.74%8.63%7.12%11.40%17.09%10.07%
A 96.495004FHLC687144120FHLCFidelity MSCI Health Care Index ETF-1.09%6.85%8.80%7.19%11.32%----
A 94.587616XLV15655021035.706XLVHealth Care Select Sector SPDR Fund-1.22%6.52%7.91%5.62%10.84%16.64%9.38%
A 78.166766RYH555327500RYHGuggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Healthcare ETF-0.17%7.15%9.50%6.10%12.26%17.44%11.57%
A 61.026405FXH954532023.564FXHFirst Trust Health Care AlphaDEX Fund-0.36%5.46%8.48%6.20%8.66%14.91%--
B 40.643548PSCH193194750PSCHPowerShares S&P SmallCap Health Care Portfolio-0.04%10.08%9.17%14.55%15.79%19.33%--
B 29.319087PTH60472750PTHPowerShares DWA Healthcare Momentum Portfolio-1.76%7.61%10.52%16.31%6.50%10.55%6.18%
C 24.285265BTEC6549251.1969BTECPrincipal Healthcare Innovators Index ETF-1.89%9.40%14.91%--------
N/A 0XH1642832.856XHElkhorn S&P MidCap Health Care Portfolio2.02%6.02%9.60%--------
N/A 0JHMH31985525JHMHJohn Hancock Multifactor Healthcare ETF-0.40%6.31%8.71%7.28%------
N/A 0HCRF2718670HCRFiShares Edge MSCI Multifactor Healthcare ETF-1.04%7.69%9.58%--------
All returns over 1 year are annualized. All returns are total returns unless otherwise stated.

ETF.com Efficiency Insight

Following several fee cuts, three funds have emerged as the low-cost leaders in the US healthcare segment: VHT, FHLC and XLV. Of these, VHT sees the best tracking—and therefore theVHT's biggest shortfall in Efficiency comes from its lack of transparency lowest "real world" cost—thanks to Vanguard's 100% rebate of all securities-lending revenue back to the fund. VHT’s biggest shortfall in Efficiency comes from its lack of transparency—like all Vanguard funds, it updates its holdings monthly instead of daily.
All three of the cheapest funds follow plain-vanilla, cap-weighted strategies. A fourth plain-vanilla option, iShares' IYH, launched in the year 2000 and hasn't kept up with the times; its fee is several multiples more than what its competitors charge. Worse, it's tended to lag its index by even more than its fee.
Of the remaining funds, PSCH gets a nod for delivering on its core objectives. It charges less than any other non-vanilla fund, and its position as the sole small-cap fund in the sector gives it a unique competitive advantage. FXH lags behind the rest of the pack in Efficiency, as it's the segment's most expensive option. Investors are paying up for the fund’s rigorous alpha-seeking methodology, but the strategy's high turnover has resulted in significant drag versus the index.
All funds here have large, stable asset bases, so we see no elevated closure risk. (Insight updated 04/21/17)

All Funds (12)

100
99.810196
98
98.435257
98
98.196186
94
94.053107
93
93.160432
92
92.014756
90
89.610677
89
89.209226
79
78.6809
N/A
0
N/A
0
N/A
0

ETF.com Grade as 04/12/17

Equity: U.S. Health Care

Tracking Difference (12 Month)

Ticker Expense Ratio Median Max. Upside Max. Downside Max LT/ST Cap Gains Rate Rule Legal Structure Fund Closure Risk Efficiency
PSCH PowerShares S&P SmallCap Health Care Portfolio 0.29% -0.28% -0.22% -0.39% 20.00% / 39.60% Low 94.053107
PTH PowerShares DWA Healthcare Momentum Portfolio 0.60% -0.80% -0.75% -0.89% 20.00% / 39.60% Low 89.209226
RYH Guggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Healthcare ETF 0.40% -0.41% -0.36% -0.48% 20.00% / 39.60% Low 93.160432
VHT Vanguard Health Care Index Fund 0.10% -0.06% 0.04% -0.12% 20.00% / 39.60% Low 98.196186
XLV Health Care Select Sector SPDR Fund 0.14% -0.14% -0.11% -0.17% 20.00% / 39.60% Low 98.435257
HCRF iShares Edge MSCI Multifactor Healthcare ETF 0.35% -- -- -- 20.00% / 39.60% High 0
BTEC Principal Healthcare Innovators Index ETF 0.42% -- -- -- 20.00% / 39.60% High 78.6809
FHLC Fidelity MSCI Health Care Index ETF 0.08% -0.06% -0.00% -0.11% 20.00% / 39.60% Low 99.810196
XH Elkhorn S&P MidCap Health Care Portfolio 0.29% -- -- -- 20.00% / 39.60% Low 0
FXH First Trust Health Care AlphaDEX Fund 0.61% -0.58% -0.48% -0.73% 20.00% / 39.60% Low 89.610677
IYH iShares U.S. Healthcare ETF 0.44% -0.41% -0.35% -0.48% 20.00% / 39.60% Low 92.014756
JHMH John Hancock Multifactor Healthcare ETF 0.50% -- -- -- 20.00% / 39.60% Low 0

ETF.com Tradability Insight

The U.S. Healthcare segment has a multitude of highly liquid funds that attract huge daily volumes. XLV is in a class of its own and the outright winner within the segment when it comes toXLV is in a class of its own within the segment when it comes to Tradability. Tradability. The fund’s average spreads are just a penny, and XLV dwarfs its competitors in median traded volume. It’s the obvious choice for institutions and traders most concerned about liquidity.
VHT, IYH and FXH also score well here. While not on the same level as XLV, all three should pose no issues for the average investor not trading huge lots frequently. Underlying liquidity in these funds is also deep, so block trading through a liquidity provider should be relatively easy and cost efficient. Still, spreads are wide enough to make limit orders important. RYH and FHLC also have ample liquidity, but wider spreads.
PSCH and PTH lag somewhat in Tradability, so investors should use caution when trading these funds. Both funds see robust, if modest liquidity, but wider spreads will increase the costs of working with these two funds.
All funds in the segment see great block liquidity, so block trading should be relatively cheap and easy through a liquidity provider. (Insight updated 04/21/17)

All Funds (12)

99
99.321939
99
98.678125
99
98.518932
98
98.154543
98
97.552283
94
94.303085
69
69.26629
66
65.811433
65
65.259454
N/A
0
N/A
0
N/A
0

ETF.com Grade as 04/12/17

Equity: U.S. Health Care

Ticker Median Daily Volume ($) Average Spread Creation Unit/Day Market Hours Overlap Underlying Volume/Unit % Creation Cost Per Unit (%) Impediment to Creations Score - Tradability
FHLC Fidelity MSCI Health Care Index ETF $4.43 M 0.05% 2.46 100.00% 0.01% 0.05% None 98.154543
FXH First Trust Health Care AlphaDEX Fund $4.65 M 0.06% 1.50 100.00% 0.08% 0.02% None 97.552283
IYH iShares U.S. Healthcare ETF $9.97 M 0.03% 1.29 100.00% 0.06% 0.00% None 98.678125
JHMH John Hancock Multifactor Healthcare ETF $65.04 K 0.40% 0.04 100.00% 0.01% 0.04% None 0
PSCH PowerShares S&P SmallCap Health Care Portfolio $647.26 K 0.31% 0.17 100.00% 0.69% 0.01% None 69.26629
PTH PowerShares DWA Healthcare Momentum Portfolio $275.24 K 0.31% 0.10 100.00% 0.20% 0.02% None 65.811433
RYH Guggenheim S&P 500 Equal Weight Healthcare ETF $2.9 M 0.06% 0.36 100.00% 0.10% 0.01% None 94.303085
VHT Vanguard Health Care Index Fund $26.48 M 0.04% 7.80 100.00% 0.02% 0.02% None 98.518932
XLV Health Care Select Sector SPDR Fund $550.04 M 0.01% 149.79 100.00% 0.03% 0.01% None 99.321939
HCRF iShares Edge MSCI Multifactor Healthcare ETF $22.24 K 0.26% 0.02 100.00% 0.03% 0.01% None 0
BTEC Principal Healthcare Innovators Index ETF $6.44 K 0.12% 0.00 100.00% 0.06% 0.05% None 65.259454
XH Elkhorn S&P MidCap Health Care Portfolio $1.62 K 0.39% 0.00 100.00% 0.09% 0.06% None 0

ETF.com/ Block Liquidity

FHLC
5
4
3
2
1
FXH
5
4
3
2
1
IYH
5
4
3
2
1
JHMH
5
4
3
2
1
PSCH
5
4
3
2
1
PTH
5
4
3
2
1
RYH
5
4
3
2
1
VHT
5
4
3
2
1
XLV
5
4
3
2
1
HCRF
5
4
3
2
1
BTEC
5
4
3
2
1
XH
5
4
3
2
1

This measurement shows how easy it is to trade 25,000 shares of each ETF.

ETF.com Fit Insight

One of the overriding challenges facing health care ETFs in Fit is the industry’s lopsided concentration in a handful of mega-cap pharmaceutical companies (just three make up moreVHT and FHLC stretch across multiple out-of-sector industries, including insurers than half the total market-cap). Four funds—FHLC, IYH, VHT and XLV compete for best-in-class Fit score. For the most part, all four track broad, market-cap-weighted indices and have weighted average market caps very close to our neutral benchmark, with similar tilts in sector, size splits and volatility.
VHT and FHLC track similar MSCI indices and hold the broadest portfolios in the segment, with over 300 names each. They stretch across multiple out-of-sector industries, including insurers, making them perhaps more diversified than investors may want. Segment giant XLV is also cap weighted, but its limited selection universe (the S&P 500) means it only holds a few dozen companies and has a large-cap tilt. Still, in an industry so heavily weighted in mega-caps, XLV scores exceptionally well in Fit.
The remaining four funds don't Fit the neutral market as closely due to their alternative indexing strategies. They're different enough to warrant an in-depth look, not a default allocation. RYH is an equal-weighted version of XLV and has significant holdings-overlap with the benchmark, but its weighting scheme tilts it towards midcaps. PSCH scores low in Fit by design—it’s a small-cap fund being measured against an industry dominated by mega-cap pharma. PSCH tilts extremely small compared to our neutral benchmark. (Insight updated 04/21/17)

All Funds (12)

97
96.828573
97
96.504571
96
96.495004
95
94.587616
78
78.166766
61
61.026405
41
40.643548
29
29.319087
24
24.285265
N/A
0
N/A
0
N/A
0

ETF.com Grade as 04/12/17

Equity: U.S. Health Care