Have frontier markets like Vietnam and Nigeria lived up to their promise?
Emerging markets were the best-performing countries in December.
Developing markets were the best and worst performers in October.
Emerging markets were the best performers, while the Pakistan ETF fell the most.
Country ETFs were mostly in positive territory, with Norway leading the way.
Developing markets were the best and worst performers in June.
MSCI's reclassification of Pakistan to emerging market status raises some issues for frontier market indices and ETFs.
Italy led country ETFs in December, but the Asia-Pacific region underperformed.