Coffee And The Charybdis Of Drought
Global coffee production is dominated by Brazil, followed (not all that closely) by Vietnam, which, itself, produces more than the next two countries—Indonesia and Colombia—together.
Global Coffee Production – Top 10 Exporting Countries ('000 Bags‡)
Source: International Coffee Organization (ICO)
* Not a member of the ICO ‡ One Bag = 60 kg or 132.276 lb
There are essentially just two types of coffee: arabica and robusta. Arabica is more common than robusta, and around 60 percent of coffee produced is arabica. Robusta is cheaper and hardier and is what instant coffee is usually made of.
According to the ICCO: “Arabica coffee is grown throughout Latin America, in Central and East Africa, in India and to some extent in Indonesia.” And: “Robusta coffee is grown in West and Central Africa, throughout South-East Asia and to some extent in Brazil, where it is known as Conillon.”
Arabicas vs Robustas – Exporting Country Production ('000 Bags)
Source: International Coffee Organization