iShares Core: ETF Cannibalism That Worked

June 07, 2016

iShares first unveiled its Core lineup of ETFs in the fall of 2012, and nearly four years later, it’s clear that the idea to repackage some iShares ETFs and create new ones under the much-cheaper Core brand was a smart one from an asset-gathering perspective.

Here’s an example: the iShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (IEMG | A-98). The fund competes directly with another iShares ETF—the well-known 13-year-old veteran iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (EEM | B-100).

But IEMG’s MSCI-linked portfolio of emerging market companies covering 99% of market capitalization—which is broader than EEM’s exposure—has a 0.16% expense ratio. EEM charges 0.69%. That’s $16 per $10,000 versus $69 per $10,000 invested for exposure to the same segment offered by the same fund provider. And trading costs on both funds is pretty negligible.

It’s no surprise, then, to see that since it came to market in October 2012, IEMG has gathered more than $12.5 billion in net inflows—despite emerging markets’ difficult few years in terms of performance—while EEM has experienced $8.7 billion net redemptions in the same period. 

IEMG_EEM_Since_Inc_2012

 

Today IEMG has $11.15 billion in total assets gathered in little more than four years (representing inflows and performance), slowly but consistently chipping away at EEM’s dominance, which today is increasingly a vestige of what it once was. EEM has $21.7 billion in assets—a far cry from the nearly $50 billion it commanded when IEMG first came to market.

Cheaper & Broader Exposure

"It doesn't take a rocket scientist to understand why investors are dropping EEM for IEMG. It’s four times cheaper, plus it tracks twice the number of stocks. It's like going from the iPhone 1 to the 6s,” Bloomberg’s ETF analyst Eric Balchunas said.

“While there are some massive institutions or traders who think they need EEM's $1.8 billion a day in volume, IEMG is plenty liquid nowadays for the vast majority of investors, as it trades over $100 million at a penny spread," he said.

The original lineup of Core funds launched in 2012 included four new strategies and six existing iShares ETFs that had their names changed and their fees slashed to meet Core’s “dirt cheap” distinction. Today that family of ETFs includes 24 funds tapping into everything from equities to bonds to asset allocation strategies.

Some Competing Funds Grow Together

Not all launches have necessarily taken market share from competing iShares ETFs so deliberately as IEMG has. Consider, for instance, the iShares Core MSCI EAFE ETF (IEFA | A-94).

The fund goes head-to-head with the iShares MSCI EAFE ETF (EFA | A-91), which has some $60 billion in total assets and has been around since 2001.

But IEFA carries a 0.12% expense ratio—less than half EFA’s 0.33% price tag. And since it came to market in 2012, it has grown to become an $11.7 billion fund. IEFA, as with IEMG, offers nearly twice as many securities in its index as EFA.

 

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