While Nusbaum shouldn't be mistaken for a portfolio churner or trader, he definitely takes a more proactive view on managing portfolios. But his strategy is long-term in nature and changes only when big macro themes suggest fundamental shifts in central parts of the market.
Nusbaum benchmarks his process to the S&P 500. He compares weightings of each of its 10 major sectors. Taking a top-down approach, his larger portfolios utilize both ETFs and individual stocks to weight sectors.
"Overdiversification can create a performance drag. So with accounts holding less than $200,000 in assets, we mainly use ETFs," Nusbaum says.
Right now, he's using ETFs to modestly over-weight: materials through iShares S&P Global Materials (NYSE Arca: MXI); utilities with iShares S&P Global Utilities (NYSE Arca: JXI); and telecom using WisdomTree International Communications (NYSE Arca: DGG).
Depending on the client, Nusbaum has between a 15%-20% stake in cash. "What we've done with fixed income is slowly but steadily increased our exposure to foreign debt," he says. "Specifically, we own Norwegian, Australian and U.K. sovereign debt."
Those are mainly individual notes. But in smaller client accounts, he's buying the SPDR Lehman International Treasury Bond ETF (AMEX: BWX).
Nusbaum describes current conditions as a "normal bear market." Historical patterns would imply about a 30% decline from peak levels, he says.
The S&P 500 peaked in mid-October 2007, Nusbaum adds. "We've lost about 14% up to this point. So we're about halfway there," he says.
Focused On Fixed Income
The Phoenix area also is home to several good bond experts in the advising world. But one who takes it a step further is Len Templeton. Based in Chandler, Ariz., he exclusively works with bond portfolios for high net worth and institutional investors.
Much of his expertise is used by other advisors across the country who are more stock-oriented. "I don't consider myself an active manager," Templeton says. "I manage tax situations for individuals. I don't make major calls on the market or move securities around. Just keeping track of taxes adds a lot of value for high net worth individuals."
He believes that bond investors with $250,000 or less to invest in bonds are probably better off buying an ETF or mutual fund. "But for larger investors with assets in taxable accounts, after-tax returns become more of a concern," he adds. "In those situations, we build customized portfolios to meet their individual tax situations."
Templeton works with many investors who live in smaller states without state-specific municipal bond funds available to them. He also finds that even for those who can take advantage of state-specific muni funds, diversification becomes a concern.
"There are a lot of new muni ETFs that've come out. But they're more long-bond strategies," Templeton notes.
Before moving to Arizona, he worked in the trust department of a large bank managing bond and money market portfolios. He also served on the institutional side of investment banking.
But after surviving Chicago winters his whole life, the now-58-year-old Templeton moved to Arizona about five years ago. "Our kids were out of college by then, so it was a good time to make a move," he said.
Charging just 25 basis points for his services, he built a fee structure that competes favorably with most bond ETFs and index funds. "About 90% of the advisors in the Phoenix area are much more equity-oriented. So I work with a lot of advisors and end up being their fixed-income guy," Templeton says.
Bonds are anything but dull, he adds. The ongoing mortgage meltdown and credit crisis is a case in point. "The whole mind-set about buying bonds is changing," Templeton says. "Today, insurers are under tremendous stress. What that means is someone needs to know what an underlying fund really holds before making an investment."
This Isn't The Only List Of Advisors
Of course, many more experienced ETF-minded advisors operate in the greater Phoenix area. As the population of this interesting and dynamic desert community keeps growing, so will the number of advisors using cutting-edge investment tools.
If you're fortunate enough to already live in the area, don't take this short list as any sort of recommendation. The point is, the field is evolving, just like ETFs. And if you look, it's very possible you'll be able to find a savvy ETF advisor who understands your approach to investing and knows how to implement it using the best tools possible.
You can also try searching for other nearby advisors through the National Association of Personal Financial Advisors. These are the folks who don't believe in commissions and only charge on an hourly basis or as a percentage of assets when managing entire portfolios. You can find their site here.
Another possibility is the Financial Planning Association. Like NAPFA, its site has a search tool to find advisors based on different sets of criteria. Unlike NAPFA, it accepts members who work on a fee-only basis or through commissions. (A lot of financial planners these days are mixing the two and offer both.) The FPA can be accessed here.
Murray Coleman is managing editor at IndexUniverse. He can be reached at: [email protected].