Buying opportunities are starting to emerge after all the recent selling.
The recent sell-off in global equity markets has pulled valuations down to levels that make it hard for investors to ignore. That said, even though stocks may look cheap based on historical numbers, investors have yet to begin buying in earnest.
As I like to say: “Stocks are cheap, but they can always get cheaper." Ideally, the best setup for low valuations, as measured by price/earnings ratios, would be a rise in earnings. Still, pullbacks in the market do create buying opportunities.
The truth is, investors can now find low valuations in developed as well as emerging markets.
I happen to think the better opportunities are in the developing world where, on balance, risks to investors are not as significant as they are in places like Europe or the U.S.
For ETF investors, that points to funds canvassing places like Brazil, or looking at the broadest funds in the developed markets.
The troubles in Europe have caused the major stock indexes in the region to drop into bear-market territory, meaning prices are at least 20 percent off their highs.
Even the eurozone’s largest economy, Germany, is down 20 percent in 2011 and down 27 percent from the early May high, as measured by the DAX Index. As a whole, the Europe MSCI Index is down 12 percent for the year.
When developed countries from North America and Asia are added into the mix, performance improves slightly, in part because of countries such as Canada.
The MSCI World Index of developed markets has fallen 9.6 percent in 2011. The selling has lowered the 2011 P/E estimate down to 14.4, and based on 2012 earnings estimates, it falls to 12.0.
Both this year's and next year’s P/E numbers are undervalued when based on historical trends, which makes it tough to not begin considering whether to buy some equities ETFs.
The one major issue that concerns me in developing markets is future growth potential.
Most growth estimates for the U.S. and Western Europe are flat to minimal in the coming years and therefore don’t make valuations as appealing. Banking issues in Europe are to blame, as are debt issues in the U.S. and an overall lack of confidence in developed nations.
While the fundamentals will eventually lead investors to buy the most attractive asset class, which history tells us is equities, timing can be tricky.
As I mentioned, stocks are generally cheap in the developed markets, but that doesn’t always coincide with the bottom of the stock market.
If I simply looked at the numbers, emerging markets would definitely be more attractive than developed markets. Perhaps that’s no surprise, but the idea that emerging markets are the less risky of the two choices might be.
The MSCI Emerging Markets Index trades with a 12.6 P/E ratio based on 2011 earnings, and a surprisingly low 10 times earnings based on 2012 estimates. Add in the estimates for earnings growth in the emerging markets of about 13 percent, and the numbers point to a buying opportunity.
The MSCI Emerging Markets Index has fallen around 15 percent in 2011 and 20 percent off the May high.
While many analysts described the pullback in the developing markets as the end of the bull market for the index, people like me believe all the selling has created a great buying opportunity.
Good growth prospects and attractive P/E ratios make the emerging markets attractive.
And, crucially, most banks in the region aren’t dealing with the same issues as those of the developed nations—whether it be the protracted aftermath of the U.S. mortgage crisis or, as is the case of Europe, huge holdings of unreliable debt issued by profligate countries such as Greece. The absence of these factors alone lowers the risk of emerging markets dramatically.
As far as risk is concerned, any double-dip recession in the developed world will affect the emerging markets too, as demand for their goods and commodities fall.
But if growth in the developed market only slows and doesn’t lead into another recession, as I think is likely, emerging-markets equity investments will shine even more.