Swedroe: Avoid The Recency Pitfall

May 22, 2015

Last year, U.S. real estate investment trusts (REITs) were the best-performing equity asset class. In addition, U.S. stocks far outperformed international stocks. Unfortunately, historical evidence demonstrates that individual investors tend to be performance chasers. They watch the markets, then buy yesterday’s winners (after the great performance) and sell yesterday’s losers (after the loss has already been incurred).


Thus, I wasn’t surprised at the amount of time I spent in 2014, and in early 2015, trying to convince investors to avoid the mistake I refer to as “recency.” Recency is the tendency to extrapolate recent returns far into the future, which causes investors to buy high and sell low. That’s not exactly a recipe for investment success.


The Importance Of Rebalancing

The message I delivered to investors was to stay the course, and even to rebalance as required for them to adhere to their investment policy statement. Rebalancing calls for the sale of some of a portfolio’s recent winners. The proceeds are then used to buy more of the recent underperformers.


Rebalancing will lead investors in precisely the opposite direction of performance chasing, which is what causes investors to underperform the very mutual funds in which they invest.

What far too many investors fail to understand is that a good (poor) return in one year doesn’t predict a good (poor) return the following year. In fact, great returns actually lower future expected returns, and below-average returns raise future expected returns.


Thus, the prudent strategy for investors is to act like a postage stamp. The lowly postage stamp does only one thing, but it does it exceedingly well—it adheres to its letter until it reaches its destination. Similarly, investors should adhere to their investment plans (asset allocation).


Adhering to one’s plan doesn’t mean just buying and holding. It means buying, holding and rebalancing—the process of restoring your portfolio’s asset allocation to the plan’s targeted levels.


In terms of returns, the first four months of this year resulted in the world being turned upside down, at least relative to 2014. U.S. REITs went from the best-performing asset class to the worst performer, and international developed markets and emerging markets far outperformed the U.S.


Simple, But Hard To Do

Using passively managed asset class funds from Dimensional Fund Advisors (DFA), the table below compares the returns that various asset classes earned in 2014 with the returns those same asset classes posted in the first four months of 2015. (Full disclosure: My firm, Buckingham, recommends DFA funds in constructing client portfolios



2014 Return (%)
2014 Rank
2015 Return
April 30 (%)
2015 Rank
DFA Real Estate (DFREX) 31.1 1 -1.4 13
DFA U.S. Large (DFUSX/S&P 500) 13.5 2 1.9 9
DFA International Real Estate (DFITX) 11.1 3 5.0 8
DFA U.S. Large Value (DFLVX) 10.5 4 1.8 10
DFA U.S. Small (DFSTX) 4.4 5 1.6 11
DFA U.S. Small Value (DFSVX) 3.5 6 1.1 12
DFA Emerging Markets (DFEMX) 3.0 7 8.2 7
DFA Emerging Markets Value (DFEVX) –4.4 8 9.8 4
DFA Emerging Markets Small (DEMSX) –4.7 9 10.8 1
DFA International Small Value (DISVX) –5.0 10 10.0 2
DFA International Large (DFALX) –5.2 11 8.9 6
DFA International Small (DFISX) –6.3 12 9.0 5
DFA International Value (DFIVX) –6.9 13 9.9 3



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