New China ‘Paper’ ETF A Groundbreaker

New China ‘Paper’ ETF A Groundbreaker

If the stars align, KraneShares’ latest China ETF could be a blockbuster.

Senior ETF Specialist
Reviewed by: Dennis Hudachek
Edited by: Dennis Hudachek

If the stars align, KraneShares’ latest China ETF could be a blockbuster.

On Wednesday, China ETF specialist KraneShares brought to market one of the more innovative ETF launches I’ve seen in years.

The new KraneShares E Fund China Commercial Paper ETF (KCNY) tackles a specific niche within China’s massive $5 trillion “onshore” bond market: commercial paper.

KCNY breaks new ground because it’s not only the first China commercial paper ETF, it’s the first U.S.-listed commercial paper ETF, period. There is currently no other ETF focused exclusively on commercial paper.

The fund tracks an index of “investment grade,” ultra-short-term Chinese sovereign and corporate debt that yields north of 4 percent. KraneShares said in regulatory paperwork that the fund’s average maturity is only 128 days.

This is significant because KraneShares is clearly aiming for a sliver of the trillions of dollars parked in U.S. money market funds earning little to no interest at the moment.

Having been a renminbi bull for years myself, I’m excited to see a renminbi-denominated fixed-income ETF aimed for capital preservation with such an attractive yield.

A Very Alluring Pitch

According to E Fund Management, KCNY’s sub-advisor, China’s commercial paper market now tops $270 billion and trades an average $3 billion a day. Roughly 90 percent of the outstanding paper is issued by local and central state-owned enterprises, and two-thirds carries an AAA rating by at least one local rating agency.

By the way, E Fund Management (HK) holds the renminbi qualified foreign institutional investor license needed by KCNY to directly hold mainland Chinese securities. It’s a subsidiary of E Fund, one of the largest asset managers in China.

And to put a finer point on what I said above, KCNY’s index sports an eye-popping weighted-average portfolio yield of 4.55 percent, according to David Zhang, chief investment officer and deputy chief executive officer of E Fund. Astonished investors need to understand that China’s yield curve is very flat, offering plumpy yields at the shorter end of the curve.

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Growing China-Focused Bond-ETF Market

Other issuers are also honing in on mainland China’s higher yields. In just the past month, there’s been a string of onshore China bond ETF launches.

Van Eck launched its Market Vectors ChinaAMC China Bond ETF (CBON) on Nov. 10. Global X joined the in with its Global X GF China Bond ETF (CHNB) only a week later. Investor appetite for these funds has been strong, with Global X’s CHNB and Market Vectors’ CBON pulling in $50 million and $20 million, respectively, in less than a month.

Yet I think throwing KCNY into the mix with CBON and CHNB is debatable. KCNY targets such a different sliver of that market that, in my view, it’s actually the first-to-market fund in its own class.

Here are a few highlights about KCNY worth pointing out.

KCNY Talking Points

  • KCNY has access to China’s interbank bond market, where more than 90 percent of all onshore bond trading takes place. If fact, commercial paper in China is only traded on the interbank market, so KCNY has to have access to it.
  • The paper held in KCNY is all rated investment grade, by one or more local credit agencies in China. See my colleague Howard Lee’s blog for his take on local rating agencies.
  • Commercial paper in the U.S. is predominantly bought at a discount to par, but not so in China. According to E Fund, most of the paper held in KCNY will have a coupon.
  • The fund launched with an impressive $21 million in seed capital, suggesting big institutional backing. To put things into perspective, most new ETFs launch nowadays with only about $2.5 million.
  • KCNY is fully exposed to the renminbi, a currency that’s appreciated more than 25 percent against the U.S. dollar since currency restrictions were relaxed in 2005.

Broad Takeaway

I’ve been talking about innovation in the China ETF space for years now. KCNY highlights just how innovative issuers can get in bringing alluring, formerly restricted asset classes to market.

If KraneShares can deliver on the fund’s mandate, KCNY could very well be a game changer for the firm, as well as for E Fund in its first partnership with a U.S. ETF issuer.

At the time this article was written, the author held long positions in CBON and CHNB, and had plans to go long in KCNY. Contact Dennis Hudachek at [email protected], or follow him on Twitter @Dennis_Hudachek.


Dennis Hudachek is a former senior ETF specialist at